- познавательный аспект – знакомство с данными Всемирной
Организации Здравоохранения о количестве людей с избыточным весом, с
понятием здорового питания
- развивающий аспект – развитие способности к
формулированию выводов из прочитанного, к сравнению и сопоставлению,
развитие способностей к речевым действиям
- воспитательный аспект – формирование отношения к здоровому образу жизни, здоровому питанию; формирование терпимого отношения к мнению другого
- учебный аспект – формирование лексических навыков чтения, развитие грамматических навыков, развитие способностей к речевым действиям
T.: Hello, dear children! Let me ask you an unusual
question. How much food do you think you will eat by the time you are
Учащиеся высказывают свои предположения.
T.: Now let’s find out how much the average Frenchwoman, for example, will eat:
- 25 cows
- 40 sheep
- 35 pigs
- 1,200 chickens
- 2.07 tonnes of fish
- 5.05 tonnes of potatoes
- 30,000 litres of milk
- 13,000 eggs
- 50,000 loaves of bread
- 9,000 litres of orange juice
- 1,37 tonnes of apples
- 768 kg of oranges
- 720 kg of tomatoes
T.: Delicious, isn’t it? How many cows and pigs
have you swallowed already? Scientists say that we eat about half-a-ton
of food a year – not counting drink! Some people eat even more. Where
do you think the most number of the fattest people live?
Учащиеся высказывают свои предположения , а затем читают текст, знакомясь с данными Всемирной Организации Здравоохранения.
According to WHO ( World Health Organization ), Americans are the
fattest people in the world. 55%of women and 63% of men over 25 are
overweight or obese. ( Doctors say that you are obese if you weigh at
least 30% above ideal body weight.)
"Compared to Europeans, Americans eat all the time”, writes Joanna
Coles , a British correspondent for The Guardian. " At the
hairdressers, in their cars, during college lectures, while waiting in
hospitals and at the cinema, where they arrive clutching monster
buckets of pop-corn, Doberman sized hot-dogs and containers (!) of diet
Though America is the world leader in obesity, Europe is quickly
catching up. According to WHO, almost one-third of people living in the
European Union are now overweight and one in 10 is obese.
Britain has replaced Germany as Europe’s most overweight nation! 20%
of women and 17% of men are obese. And the English are fatter than the
Scots or Welsh. Russia also has some of the heaviest people in Europe.
Even in such countries as France, Italy and Sweden, Europe’s
slimmest nations, people (especially women ) are becoming fatter.
Among the French, Italians and Swedish, who are considered to be
Europe’s slimmest nations, the number of overweight people is
T.: What do you think why the number of overweight people is rising?
Учащиеся отвечают на вопросы. Возможны варианты ответов:
P1: We eat a lot of fast food.
P2: We have no time to relax and enjoy a meal. We want to eat fast.
T.: You are right. We live in the era of fast food
culture. Every day a new McDonald’s restaurant opens somewhere on our
planet. Here is a newspaper article about the history of McDonald’s in
the UK.(Complete the information with the right form of the verbs)
McDonald’s ( to arrive) in the UK in 1974. The first restaurant ( to open) in Woolwich, southeast London.
Since those early days they (to serve) food and drinks to their
customers. Over 550 restaurants (to open) in Britain. And about 1
million customers (to serve).
T.: What are another reasons for overweighting ?
Учащиеся высказывают свои предположения. Возможны варианты ответов:
P1: People walk less, because they prefer to use cars or public transport.
P2: They spend too much time in front of their computers or TV .
T.: Yes, another reason is lack of exercise. Now let’s learn more about healthy food and lifestyle.
Учащимся предлагается текст для прочтения:
What is tasty is not always healthy.
Doctors say that chips and pizzas are fattening, Coca-Cola spoils our teeth, coffee shortens our lives.
If you go on eating too much, you’ll become obese, and obesity leads to heart disease, diabetes and stroke.
If you are young and fit, don’t think this doesn’t concern you.
Teenagers, too, are getting fatter. Obesity rates in teens, according
to experts, are doubling!
Surveys show that the favourite foods among teenagers both in Europe and the USA are:
- hamburgers (cheeseburgers, fishburgers, beefburgers, eggburgers…. In fact anythingburgers!)
- chips (they are called French fries in America)
- hot dogs
Besides, teenagers in Britain, for example, spend 27 hours a week
watching TV, and nobody knows how much time they sit in front of their
What will today’s teenagers look like when they grow up? Imagine
yourself as a lazy, fat old man or woman with eyes glued to the TV
screen, hands digging down in a packet of chips, munch-munch, staring
at the glaring pictures. A real nightmare! But this is the danger
hanging over your life!
Some scientists believe that food influences not only our bodies but
our spirits as well. Foods with lots of additives, fat or sugar can
make you violent and anti-social. Natural foods like fresh fruit and
vegetables which contain lots of vitamins and minerals can make you
more intelligent, optimistic and energetic.
More and more people nowadays become vegetarians.
A diet free from meat, researches say, has all the vitamins, minerals and protein you need.
And you could live longer as a veggie!
A vegetarian diet is not only healthier, but it is also kinder.
Animals grown for meat production are now kept in special factory
farms. Pigs, calves and chickens are locked in boxes and cannot even
turn around. Calves are kept thirsty – the lack of liquid keeps the
meat white! If you really care about animals – and most of us do – stop
T.: Are you, dear children, ready to be a veggie?
Учащиеся высказывают свои аргументы за и против вегетарианства, используя речевые функции:
- I(don’t) think/imagine/feel/believe (that)…
- In my opinion, ..,
- Personally, I believe/think,etc (that)…
- If you ask me, …
- It seems to me (that) …
- In my view, …
- To my mind, …
Agreeing and disagreeing:
- I (completely) (dis)agree with you.
- Yes, you’re right.
- That’s right/true.
- I couldn’t agree more.
- There’s a lot in what you say.
- I can see what you mean.
- I’m afraid I don’t agree with you.
Возможны варианты ответов:
P1: In my opinion, vegetarianism is silly. You
can’t live for ever on cucumbers and apples, can you ? Organic foods
are full of pesticides. What’s the use of becoming a veggie ?
P2: I can see what you mean. Some people still
believe that you can’t live without meat but modern scientific research
shows that all the nutrients we need for a healthy life can be found
P3: If you ask me, you never see a tiger or a lion feeling sorry for its victim, do you ?
P4: I’m afraid I don’t agree with you. If you went to the slaughterhouse to see how animals are killed, you wouldn’t eat meat.
P5: There’s a lot in what you say, but our
grandparents and great grandparents and great great grandparents ate
meat and were happy, so why should I become a veggie ?
T.: Do you know that your tastes in food and drink
can reveal your character ? Read about Charlie Chilli, Suzie
Sweet-Tooth, Hungry Harry and Picky Polly and see which one you
Charlie Chilli: I love eating hot, spicy food. I
enjoy trying foreign specialties in restaurants, and I’m also fond of
preparing exotic dishes in my own kitchen. I hate eating the same thing
to days running - I would rather go hungry.
Suzie Sweet-Tooth: I don’t mind what I eat, as long
as there is some chocolate on the menu. I adore desserts: I have so
many favorites I often find it difficult to choose. I like milk shakes
and fizzy drinks better than tea or coffee.
Hungry Harry: I am more interested in quantity than
quality. I can’t stand getting up from the table if I still have room
in my stomach. I prefer rice or potatoes and cooked vegetables to
salads and would rather drink Coke thаn fruit juice.
Picky Polly: I’m not keen on dishes which don’t
look beautiful. In fact, I haven’t got a large appetite. There are all
sorts of things I refuse to eat at all, and even when I’m given one of
my favorites I always leave half of it on the plate.
Character Analysis: Chilli eaters are brave and adventurous. They like to shock, but they get bored and restless very easily.
Sweet eaters are easy going and sociable but they lack confidence. They are kind and sympathetic but not always reliable.
Hungry eaters are hard-working and generous; they aren’t ambitious and hate changes of any sort. They worry about the future.
Picky eaters are artistic and sensitive but they lose their tempers
easily. They set themselves very high standards and don’t like to fail.
T.: We have to finish now. Thank you very much for
you answers. I hope you will follow the healthy lifestyle and remember:
we are what we eat.