Тема – Time. Время.
Продолжительность – 90 минут.
Оборудование: раздаточный материал: карточки «Как экономить время», тексты с лекцией «Управление временем: почему это важно?», интерактивная доска.
I. Teacher’s introductory speech.
The teacher begins the lesson with the following parable:
There lived one businessman. His property was millions of
dollars. He had been working hard all his lifetime and he decided to
take a year to have a rest. He made up his mind to live a life of
luxury that he could permit himself. Hardly ever had he taken this
decision Angel of Death came to him. As he was a professional seller he
wanted to persuade the Angel to sell him a little time.
"Give me three days and take one third of my property”, he said
but the Angel didn’t agree. "OK. Then take half of my money and give me
one day so that I would be able to see my family. I rarely saw them
because I had been working so much!” The Angel was unshakable. Then
the businessman begged to give him two minutes to write a letter to his
son. The Angel agreed. He took a piece of paper and wrote: ….(here the teacher should stop and ask the Ss to complete the story) ….
"Care for your time! I didn’t manage to buy even an hour for the whole of my property”
– So the topic of our lesson is TIME and by the end of the class we
will have tried to answer the question if it is possible to manage the
time. And if it is then how to do this. (The word TIME appears in the
– Let’s begin with idioms.
II. Warming up.
Work with some idioms dealing with the word "time”. Read all the
idioms and match them with their meaning. The Ss can do them out of
sequence. Then the teacher gives the task to make examples of the
situations where the idioms can be used.
Task of the stage – to include students into the atmosphere of subject under discussion.
A piece of advice – to make the work more mobile a teacher can use Smart Board, canceling the idioms and their meaning after the Ss guess.
|1. time flies
||a. the time when a game or other event is temporarily stopped for some reason
|2. the time is ripe
||b. time passes very quickly
|3. time off
||c. free time when one does not have to work
|4. time out
||d. exactly the right time has come
|5. time to catch one's breath
||e. enough time to relax or behave normally
|6. make time
||f. to find the time to do something.
|7. kill time
||g. feelings of hurt will leave us time passes by'
|8. time heals all wounds
||h. we cannot find out the truth or the answer yet
|9. only time will tell
||i. to do something that is not very interesting or important to pass time.
|10. a whale of a time
||j. to have a great time, to do something really fun.
Keys: 1 – b, 2 – d, 3 – c, 4 – a, 5 – e, 6 – f, 7 – g, 8 – h, 9 – I, 10 – j
- time flies – time passes very quickly
- the time is ripe – exactly the right time has come
- time off – free time when one does not have to work
- time out – the time when a game or other event is temporarily stopped for some reason
- time to catch one's breath – enough time to relax or behave normally
- make time – to find the time to do something.
- time heals all wounds – feelings of hurt will leave us time passes by'
- only time will tell – we cannot find out the truth or the answer yet
- kill time – to do something that is not very interesting or important to pass time.
- a whale of a time – to have a great time, to do something really fun.
III. Oral speech practice.
People have always been trying to teach the next generation how to
use time properly. So they have made up many proverbs. Give
interpretation to the following proverbs:
- Time and tide wait for none.
- Procrastination is the thief of time.
- The early bird catches the worm.
- It's better to deal with problems after having a night's sleep.
- A stitch in time saves nine.
The teacher gives the Ss cards with time quotations (they can also be written on the blackboard).
The teacher shows the presentation with pictures and asks Ss to
choose the quotation that illustrates a picture’s message best.
The examples of the quotations:
- The clock talked loud. I threw it away, it scared me what it talked.
- Time wastes our bodies and our wits, but we waste time, so we are quits.
- Time is like the wind; it lifts the light and leaves the heavy.
- If you want work well done, select a busy man - the other kind has no time.
- Time is a dressmaker specializing in alterations.
- Time is what we want most, but... what we use worst.
- Time is the coin of your life. It is the only coin you have, and only you can determine how it will be spent.
Pictures for the presentation
Then the Ss choose one of the quotations and comment it on.
A piece of advice: for "weak” Ss teacher can give the following prompts.
- The quotation warns us that the gone time cannot be returned. The
author of the quotation is afraid that he did something wrong or he
didn’t manage to do something.
- The quotation tells us that we shouldn’t waste time.
- The quotation implies that we are not eternal and everything should be done on time.
- The quotation says that only lazy people don’t have time to do the work.
- We have no power to change time.
IV. Watch video and read the text.
- Using the Internet watch the video (if necessary watch it twice). www.youtube.com/watch?v=T7h4jUvqm6I
- Discuss the first impression about the video in pairs. Was it useful, new, interesting…for the Ss?
- Read the texts and choose in each paragraph the sentence that is likely to convey the main idea of it. Explain the choice.
"Time Management: What It Is And Why It's Important"
1-8 Let's talk about time management, how to do it,
and why it's important. First of all, I want to share a quote with you
that I got from Stephen Covey, the author of The Seven Habits of
Highly Effective People. Stephen is a genius, and he says, "Time
management is a misnomer. The challenge is to manage ourselves." See,
you can't actually manage time. It runs at the same speed whatever you
decide to do, so you can't really manage time. But what you can do is
learn to manage yourself. The big challenge in this day and age is to
manage ourselves. We are dealing with all kinds of challenges that we
never had to deal with before. Al Reese and Jack Trout who wrote the
book positioning, they said in that book that we live in the world's
first over-communicated society, meaning that there's too much
information and communication coming in. Now they wrote that book back
9-14 Think about that for a moment. They said that
we're in the world's first over-communicated society before the
internet and before everyone had cell phones and before everyone was
dealing with instant messenger and all of these direct access 24/7 ways
to get in touch with everyone, anytime, everywhere. So if we were the
world's first over-communicated society then, what are we now and what
does that mean? Well, where we are now is we are completely drowning in
communication. We're drowning in information. We're drowning in
distraction and interruption. We're overloaded by all the things that
15-20 And in order to confront this, we have to
realize that we can't do everything, we can't look at everything, and
we can't see everything. We can't take advantage of every opportunity.
We have to become very selective. When we talk about time management
and productivity, what we're really talking about, again, is
self-management and getting ourselves to do the things that are the
important things. What you'll find in life is that if you just focus on a
few key, important things and do them over and over and over, the rest
will take care of itself. If you eat simple meals of healthy food and
do a little bit of exercise everyday, health just takes care of itself.
21-27 If you invest quality time, one on one, in an
open dialogue on a regular basis with people that are important to you,
the relationship will take care of itself. That's the way things work.
But we don't do these things. What we do instead is we eat a bunch of
snacks and junk food and forget to exercise, or we say I'll do that
later, or we buy the food that has the thing that says low fat on it,
and you think, "Oh, that means that I won't have to do any exercise."
Or we make a quick call, and we say, "Hey, how are you doing? I love
you," and we think that that's quality time. Or even worse, time that
we're spending with people that are important to us. We're checking our
phones and our Blackberries, and we're looking online and text
messaging. We're really not having that deep, quality connection.
28-34 That is what destroys health and
relationships. Well, same thing destroys productivity. It destroys
getting results in business and in our lives. When we focus on just
those few things that are important, and we figure out how to get
ourselves to behave to focus on those things, that's when life really
turns around. Interestingly enough, I've discovered that time
management really comes down to setting conditions in your life that
make it so that you can't do anything but focus on the important
things. It's not about making a list of things to do and then doing the
right things, although that can be important sometimes. It's about
setting up your life and your environment so that you automatically do
the things that are important, and you don't have the option to do
35-42 Examples include when you first get to work in
the morning, don't check your voicemail and your e-mail. Work for a
couple of hours on your most important project, and work on something
that has a high lifetime value. Something that is going to make a lot
of value, create a lot of money now and in the future. What do most
people do? They come in, they check their e-mail, voicemail, and they
see what everyone else has on the agenda for them. Another thing to do
is to set aside entire days. Entire days of time where you're only
focused on the things that create the most value and bring in the most
money so that you're not checking your e-mail. You're not checking your
voicemail. You're not doing any of that stuff. You might check your
e-mail and your voicemail once or twice during that day, but only for a
little period of time.
43-50 The rest of the time, you're just solely
focused on getting something done. Another thing that we need to train
ourselves to do is invest time in focused, uninterrupted blocks. Now
this is an idea that all the great time management gurus teach. All the
way from Peter Drucker back in The Effective Executive. The modern
experts like Dan Sullivan, Jim Lare, and Tony Schwartz who wrote The
Power of Full Engagement. It's very important to just focus on one thing
for an extended period of time. Cultivate the ability to focus your
mind. And when you're focused on one thing for an extended period of
time and you block out all the distractions and interruptions, and I
mean turn off the phone, turn off the computer, turn off everything
else, you don't have anything to do but that one thing.
51-58 So time management, what it is, it's about
managing yourself. Not about managing your time. It's about learning
how to develop healthy habits and rituals so that you do the right
things every day. And counter intuitively, it's about setting up the
conditions in your life physically, emotionally, and logically so that
you're forced to do the right thing, and you don't have any other
options. So get to work right now doing the right things every day and
blocking out, creating an environment that blocks out any distractions
and any interruptions so you just stay focused. If you just do that one
thing, create an environment that blocks out distraction and
interruption and keeps you focused on those few important things,
you'll watch your productivity start to skyrocket immediately.
V. Work in pairs.
Rules "How to manage your time”. The Ss should fill in the cards
making up ideas how to carry the instructions given in the table out.
Cards for Ss
If you control your time, you control your life.
Alan Lakein (1973)
Guide to time management for graduate school students
||How to carry it out in particular activitiesYou should….
|Schedule your time
|Get Motivated to Work
||E.g. – Define the goal and try to carry it out.
|Balance your College Schedule
|Anticipate & Plan for work
|Your ideas ……
VI. Conclusion. The teacher tells a parable about time.
Imagine there is a bank that deposits you 86400 rubles every
morning. But it doesn’t keep the remainder every day. Every night the
remainder equals nil if you haven’t spent it. What will you do ? You
are sure to withdraw your money from the bank account to the last cent!
Everybody has an account in this bank. Its name is TIME. Every
morning deposits you 86400 seconds. Every night this bank cancels the
data and watches what part of this account you have wasted. This bank
doesn’t keep money and doesn’t allow transferring money into somebody’s
accounts. Every day a new account is opened. Every night the remainder
is annulled. If you don ’ t spend money you lose it.
We can neither go back nor loan tomorrow’s credit. You have to live at present and spend what you are given today.
Invest so that you could achieve more in health, happiness, success.
The hour hand is going on to move clockwise. Try to succeed in reaching maximum.
Value each moment you live. Remember, time is not waiting. What is
yesterday ? It is history. What is future ? It is a mystery. Only
the PRESENT exists.
(The teacher stops very time to give the Ss an opportunity to complete the sentence)
- To appreciate how valuable a year is ask … the student who has lost one academic year.
- To appreciate how valuable a moth is ask … the mother who has given a premature birth to her child.
- To appreciate how valuable a week is ask … the editor of a weekly magazine.
- To appreciate how valuable a minute is ask … the man who has missed his train.
- To appreciate how valuable a second is ask … the man who has escaped a car crash.
- To appreciate how valuable a thousandth part of a second is ask … the silver Olympic winner.