Цели и задачи урока.
Обучающая – развитие интереса к изучению английского языка и культуры стран изучаемого языка; актуализация страноведческого материала по теме "Holidays”.
Развивающая – развитие навыков речевой деятельности, памяти учащихся, мышления, внимания, умения сравнивать, активизировать изученную лексику.
Воспитательная – воспитание умения работать в группе, уважительного отношения к другой культуре; более глубокое осознание своей культуры через культуру англоязычных стран.
Оборудование и оснащение: карта мира (на английском языке), раздаточный материал, магнитофон. (Стенд с работами детей: открытками и приглашениями на праздник).
1. Организационный момент (приветствие и объяснение целей урока).
- Good morning, children! (Good morning, teacher)
- I’m glad to see you. How are you today? (We are fine, thank you. And how are you?)
- I’m fine, too, thanks. What’s the date today? What date of the week is it today? Who’s absent? (Pupils’ answers)
Сообщение целей урока.
(Teacher): Today we are going on to speak about British holidays and traditions. You will also compare Russian and British celebrations.
Проверка домашнего задания.
- Let me see what you have done at home. It’s time to check up your homework.
- Did you make celebration postcards? Please, show them to me and your classmates.
Учащиеся показывают открытки, которые они подготовили дома.
2. Фонетическая зарядка.
And I’d like to begin our lesson with the song "We wish you a Marry Christmas”. Let’s listen to the song and sing it all together.
We wish you a merry Christmas,
We wish you a merry Christmas,
We wish you a merry Christmas
And a happy New Year.
3. Речевая зарядка.
And now let’s read and translate the text ” Christmas ”. I would like to know if you remember what you’ve read about. Answer the questions.
Teacher: When’s Christmas Day? (Pupil’s answer)
(T): Is it a happy holiday for all people? (Pupil’s answer)
(T): Why are people busy some weeks before Christmas? (Pupil’s answer)
(T): Where can people get Christmas cards? (Pupil’s answer)
(T): How do they decorate a Christmas tree? (Pupil’s answer)
(T): Where do the children put their stockings when they go to bed? (Pupil’s answer)
(T): Who comes at night? (Pupil’s answer)
Now children, who can retell the text? (4 ученика кратко рассказывают текст "Christmas I и II” по частям)
4. Развитие навыков аудирования (учащиеся должны запомнить даты английских праздников во время прослушивания материала).
Listen to the text ”Holidays in Great Britain” and get ready to answer the questions:
There are a number of holidays, which are celebrated in Great Britain every year. One of them is, of course, New Year's Day on 1 January. It is not so popular in England as in our country, but it is rather popular in Scotland. On that day people usually visit their friends and there is a lot of dancing and eating. In Scotland people bring a piece of coal for good luck in the New Year.
The next holiday of the year is St. Valentine's Day. It is on 14 February. People buy or make Valentine cards and send them to the people they love.
In March there is Mother's Day. It is always the fourth Sunday of Lent. Mothering Sunday is a time when children pay respect to their Mothers. All the children, little or adult ones, come to their mothers on that day to express their love and gratitude.
April Fool’s Day is on 1 April. In this holiday people try to trick their friends, to make them behave like fools. April Fool’s Day is celebrated in different countries around the world on April 1 every year.
St. George’s Day is on 23 April. It’s England’s national day. St. George is the patron saint of England. His emblem, a red cross on a white background, is the flag of England and part of the British flag.
In April there is Easter. At Easter children eat chocolate Easter eggs. Sometimes parents hide them in the house or in the garden and children have to look for them.
In June there is Father's Day. This festival is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and therefore the date of the holiday is never fixed. On Father's Day children give or send their fathers and grandfathers cards and presents.
On 31 October there is a Halloween. They say ghosts and witches come out on Halloween. People make lanterns out of pumpkins. Some people have Halloween parties and dress as witches and ghosts.
Guy Fawkes Day is on 5 November. November 5th marks the anniversary of the Gunpowder Plot, a conspiracy to blow up the English Parliament and King James I in 1605, the day set for the king to open Parliament. The anniversary was named after Guy Fawkes, the most famous of the conspirators.
The 25th of December is Christmas Day. It is one of the people's favourite holidays. People put Christmas trees in their houses and decorate them. There are beautiful Christmas decorations in the streets. On Christmas Eve everybody puts the presents under the Christmas tree. People say that at night Father Christmas puts presents into the stockings which children usually hang on their beds. The traditional Christmas meal is roast turkey and Christmas pudding.
Boxing Day is usually celebrated on the following day after Christmas Day which is on 26 December. Traditionally, 26 December was the day to open the Christmas box to share the contents with the poor.
Christmas Bank Holiday is on 27 December. If Boxing Dayhttp://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/uk/boxing-day falls on a Saturday, the following Monday is a substitute bank holiday. If Christmas Day falls on a Saturday, the following Monday and Tuesday are substitute bank holidays. The bank holiday is a time for many people to relax and enjoy a day off from work.
5. Актуализация грамматики (повторение количественных и порядковых числительных).
Учитель записывает количественные числительные на доске, а ученики образовывают из них порядковые.
Учитель спрашивает учеников, когда и какие праздники отмечаются в Британии. Ученики называют праздник и его дату по услышанному материалу.
6. Развитие навыков монологической речи.
(T): By the way, what holidays do you like, what kind of holidays do you prefer? As for me, I prefer the New Year. And what about you? (Pupils’ answers)
(T): Do you like celebrations?
(T): What’s your favourite holiday?
(T): What other special events do you celebrate?
(T): Do you like to give or receive gifts on Christmas Eve?
(T): What gifts would you like to get? What gifts do you usually get?
(T): Have you ever got a present you didn’t like? What was your reaction?
(T): What present would you never give to your friend and why?
(T): What do you say when you get presents?
(T): I see. Thank you. I like your answers.
(T): Children, there are some ways of expressing admiration when you receive presents.
Далее учитель пишет на доске:
Gift-receiving (тот кто получает):
Thank you very much.
Thanks a lot.
I’m happy to have it.
I’m so grateful to you…
Gift-giving (тот кто дарит):
You are welcome.
Don’t mention it.
I was happy to do it.
It was my pleasure.
(T): Do the rules of gift - receiving and gift - giving differ in our country (Russia)?
Учащиеся приходят к выводу, что правила вежливости при дарении и получении подарков одинаковы для обеих стран (Британии и России). (Можно также организовать небольшую дискуссию, где ученики соглашаются или опровергают мнение одноклассников).
7. Развитие навыков диалогической речи.
(T): Please, make your own dialogues about the Christmas holidays. Play outside situations when you give and receive gifts.
Учащиеся в парах разыгрывают диалоги, меняясь ролями. Учитель обращает внимание учащихся на интонацию, произношении, грамматику…
During the lesson I realized that children like the New Year best of all. But all because they get different presents and gifts. But some children have doubts about Santa Claus or Father Frost. They asked me to tell the truth, is there really a Santa Claus (Grandfather Frost) or not?
It was a very difficult question for me. I wasn’t sure in my answer. But that’s what I said:” In your case I would believe in Santa Claus or Father Frost. I know some children try to catch Santa coming down, what would that prove? The most real things are those that neither children nor men can see fairies dancing, Santa Claus or Father Frost coming and giving gifts to you. I think we must thank Santa Claus or Father Frost for their coming to us and making glad the heart of childhood. I hope all your dreams will come true.”
8. Подведение итогов.
(T): Well, at the lesson we spoke about holidays (Christmas, New Year), giving or receiving presents. We’ll continue similar work at the next lesson.
Write down your home assignment. It’s ex. №___, page __.
And make a letter to Santa Claus (or Father Frost) to get a present.
The lesson is over. Thank you for your work. It was perfectly done. I’m going to give you good marks.